The Constitution is the supreme law of the land, but what does that mean? Get a crash course on the Constitution and what it means for the United States.
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The Constitution: What it is and what it means
The Constitution of the United States is the supreme law of the land. It establishes the framework of the federal government and sets forth the relationships between different branches of government. It also defines the rights and liberties of citizens.
The Constitution was drafted by delegates to the Constitutional Convention in 1787. It was then ratification by nine out of thirteen states. The Bill of Rights, which lists ten amendments guaranteeing individual rights and liberties, was added in 1791.
The Constitution is a living document that has been amended 27 times since it was first ratified. It is interpreted by the Supreme Court on a regular basis.
The Constitution and the Supreme Court
When the Constitution was written in 1787, the delegates to the Constitutional Convention included in it a system of “checks and balances” to prevent any one branch of government from having too much power. The three branches are the legislative, which makes the laws; the executive, which carries out the laws; and the judiciary, which interprets the laws. The Constitution also gives each branch some power to check or balance the other two branches. For example, Congress can override a presidential veto, and the president can appoint judges who will serve for life.
The Supreme Court is the highest court in our judicial system, and its decisions are supposed to be based on what the Constitution says. In 1803, in a case called Marbury v. Madison, Chief Justice John Marshall wrote that “it is emphatically the province and duty of the judicial department to say what the law is.” This has come to be known as “judicial review,” and it means that if Congress passes a law or the president takes an action that goes against what the Constitution says, it is up to the Supreme Court to declare that law or action unconstitutional and void.
So when we ask whether or not the Constitution is “the supreme law of land,” we are really asking whether or notthe Supreme Court is supreme. And that’s something that has been debated throughout our history.
The Constitution and the Federal government
The Constitution of the United States is the supreme law of the land. It establishes the framework for the federal government and sets forth the principles that guide our country.
The Constitution was ratified by the states in 1788, and it has been amended 27 times. The first 10 amendments, known as the Bill of Rights, were ratified in 1791 and guarantee certain rights and freedoms.
The Constitution is living document that has evolved over time to meet the changing needs of our country. It is a flexible document that can be interpreted in different ways by different people.
There are three branches of government in the United States: executive, legislative, and judicial. The Constitution outlines the powers and duties of each branch.
The executive branch is responsible for carrying out laws. The President is the head of the executive branch and is elected to a four-year term. The President can veto legislation passed by Congress, but Congress can override a presidential veto with a two-thirds vote in both chambers.
The legislative branch consists of Congress, which is made up of the Senate and the House of Representatives. Senators are elected to six-year terms, while representatives are elected to two-year terms. Congress has the power to make laws, and it can override a presidential veto with a two-thirds vote in both chambers.
The judicial branch interprets laws. The Supreme Court is the highest court in the land, and it has final say on whether a law is constitutional or not. Justices are appointed by presidents and serve for life.
The Constitution and the States
The Constitution and the States
The Constitution is the supreme law of the land, but it is not the only law. The Constitution sets forth the general principles of our government, and Congress enacts laws that flesh out these principles. The states also have their own constitutions and laws. In general, when state law and federal law conflict, federal law prevails. However, there are some limited circumstances in which state law can prevail over federal law.
The Constitution and the People
The Constitution is not the only source of law in the United States. There are also laws that come from constitutional conventions, executive agreements, treaties, statutory law, and case law. The Constitution is the supreme law of the land because it is the framework for the government and it is the highest authority in the United States. The Constitution was written in 1787 and it has been amended 27 times. The first ten amendments are called the Bill of Rights and they were ratified in 1791.
The Constitution and Individual Rights
The Constitution is the supreme law of the land in the United States. It establishes the basic principles upon which our government is founded and sets forth the rights of all citizens.
The Constitution establishes a federal system of government, dividing power between the national government and the states. The Constitution grants certain powers to the national government, including the power to tax, to regulate interstate commerce, and to declare war. The Constitution also guarantees certain civil rights and liberties, such as freedom of speech and religion.
The Bill of Rights, which consists of the first ten amendments to the Constitution, protects individual rights such as freedom of speech, freedom of religion, and the right to bear arms. The Bill of Rights also prohibits cruel and unusual punishment and requires a speedy trial by jury.
The Constitution is a living document that has been amended 27 times since it was originally ratified in 1787. Amendments have been ratified to expand individual rights (such as with the Bill of Rights and the 13th Amendment, which abolished slavery), to establish new rules for electing presidents (such as with the 12th Amendment), and to allow for citizens of all races to vote (such as with the 15th Amendment).
The Constitution and the Bill of Rights
The Constitution of the United States is the supreme law of the land. It establishes the framework of our government and sets forth our rights and responsibilities as citizens. The Constitution was ratified by the states in 1788 and has since been amended 27 times.
The first 10 amendments to the Constitution are known collectively as the Bill of Rights. These amendments were ratified in 1791 and were designed to protect our individual liberties from infringement by the government. The Bill of Rights includes such protections as freedom of speech, freedom of religion, and the right to bear arms. It also establishes our right to due process of law and guarantees equal protection under the law.
The Constitution and Separation of Powers
The Constitution Is the Supreme Law of the Land
The Constitution is the supreme law of the land because it creates our government and outlines our rights. The Constitution is the foundation of our country and everything in it flows from that document. The government can pass laws that take away our rights, but those laws can be challenged in court and overturned.
The Constitution establishes a system of separation of powers, whereby different branches of government share power. This ensures that no one branch becomes too powerful and ensures that our government can function efficiently. The three branches are the legislative branch (Congress), the executive branch (the President and his administration), and the judicial branch (the Supreme Court and other courts).
The Constitution and Checks and Balances
There are three separate but equal branches of government in the United States: the executive, legislative, and judicial. They were established in Article II, Article I, and Article III of the Constitution respectively. The Constitution is the supreme law of the land and these three branches were designed to check and balance each other so that no one branch could become too powerful.
The executive branch is responsible for carrying out the laws of the land. The President is the head of this branch and he has a Cabinet of advisers to help him make decisions. The President can veto laws that the Congress (the legislative branch) passes, but Congress can override his veto with a two-thirds majority vote.
The legislative branch makes the laws. Congress is divided into two houses: the Senate and the House of Representatives. Senators are elected by their state legislatures for six-year terms, while Representatives are elected by the people for two-year terms. Every state has two Senators regardless of population, but the number of Representatives from each state depends on its population. Congress can impeach (bring charges against) government officials, including the President.
The judicial branch interprets the laws. The Supreme Court is the highest court in the land and its nine justices are appointed by the President and confirmed by the Senate for life terms. The Constitution gives Congress the power to establish inferior courts as needed.
The Constitution and Amendments
The Constitution of the United States is the supreme law of the United States of America. The Constitution, originally comprising seven articles, delineates the national frame of government. Its first three articles embody the doctrine of the separation of powers, whereby the federal government is divided into three branches: the legislative, consisting of the bicameral Congress; the executive, consisting of the President; and the judicial, consisting of the Supreme Court and other federal courts. Article IV, Article V and Article VI embody concepts of federalism, describing the rights and responsibilities of state governments and of the states in relationship to the federal government. Article VII establishes ratification conventions in each state as necessary for the establishment of a new constitution. In general, amendments to The Constitution can be proposed either by Congress with a two-thirds vote in both houses or by a constitutional convention called for by two-thirds of state legislatures. If ratified by three-fourths (38) states such proposal becomes an amendment to The Constitution.